Tuesday, August 18, 2015

Microsoft future tech on programming languages !

Rinzwind wrote:
Let's face it... MS kicked VB6 the hard way because they saw it as a concurrent to their - at that time - completely new dev future .NET. VB.Net in no way was a valid alternative. It's surely more like Java than VB6. Just another Java like programming language. Hmm they got C# for that already. So what's the point? Only public propaganda toward .NET.
.NET changed a lot during the following years and frameworks came and went, especially regarding GUI. A new real VB also is not a matter of technology... they still supply VBA, including 64 bit support. It's purely ego tripping at MS top. "I want .NET and everything else should go away".
I like VB6 because of its quick edit and debug cycle, all in one IDE, GUI design, basic program structure, small size of programs, it's efficient and flexible and supports the Win32 API which helps to keep it relevant. Variant support for those who want the easy way. Heck, VBScript code is almost 1 on 1 transferable to VB6 (not the other way around mind you). As is VBA. It's just a pity that we are dependent on one company for VB6. Apparently it takes lots of effort to create something like VB6. Otherwise it would already be here. VB6 was created by some geniuses... especially if you take into account how long ago it is... and what hardware they had and what the produced out of it.
Really... the past 10 years the Desktop OS did not see much progress. Apple did something very nice with iOS. But Objective C.. hmmm well they have Swift now.

Microsoft future tech:

There is a very large community of developers that grew up on VB6 and are still looking for a worthy substitute, said Erel Uziel, CEO of Anywhere Software

Others seem to have more interest in VB6 programming than Microsoft...

Anywhere Software, a leading provider of developers' tools for native Android, iOS and desktop apps, has enhanced its B4X Rapid Application Development (RAD) suite with the addition of a new developer's tool for desktop and server applications.
Known as B4J (http://www.b4x.com/b4j.html), this free tool was designed to meet vocal market demand for a modern alternative to Visual Basic 6 (VB6), which was discontinued by Microsoft eight years ago. Similar to VB6, B4J is a simple and powerful cross-platform tool designed to take the learning curve out of desktop app development. The compiled apps can run on Windows, Mac, Linux and ARM boards (such as Raspberry Pi).
"There is a very large community of developers that grew up on VB6 and are still looking for a worthy substitute," said Erel Uziel, CEO of Anywhere Software. "Their voice is loud and clear - they want a modern RAD tool that will let them build real-world desktop and server apps without the hassles and complexity of existing programming languages. B4J provides an easy-to-use environment that lets developers get the job done."
Based on the same B4X language and concepts as its B4A (Android) and B4i (iOS) counterparts, B4J offers an IDE with a full set of features. These include a visual designer, debugger, compiler, hundreds of libraries, and a packager that creates self contained installers with no dependencies. Another advantage of B4J is that the code developed for the desktop can be easily reused to build similar applications for Android or iOS platforms, and vice versa.
"B4J is being used by our growing developer community to roll out real-world apps that solve everyday business problems faster than ever before," said Uziel. "Based on the feedback we've received, B4J is being welcomed as an effective and long-awaited successor to Visual Basic."

A comment by Microsoft, update or open source VB6 programming

Friday, August 14, 2015

Visual Basic wikipedia page (snapshot May 2014)

Visual Basic is a third-generation event-driven programming language and integrated development environment (IDE) from Microsoft for its COM programming model first released in 1991. Microsoft intends Visual Basic to be relatively easy to learn and use.[1][2] Visual Basic was derived from BASIC and enables the rapid application development (RAD) of graphical user interface (GUI) applications, access to databases using Data Access ObjectsRemote Data Objects, or ActiveX Data Objects, and creation of ActiveX controls and objects.
A programmer can create an application using the components provided by the Visual Basic program itself. Over time the community of programmers have developed new third party components, keeping this programming language to modern standards.[3][4][5][6][7] Programs written in Visual Basic can also use the Windows API, which requires external function declarations. Furthermore, new third party functions (which are open source) using part VB6 source code and part embedded machine code, make the Visual Basic 6.0 applications faster than those designed in C++.[3][8]
The final release was version 6 in 1998 (now known simply as Visual Basic). Though Visual Basic 6.0 IDE is unsupported as of April 8, 2008, the Visual Basic team is committed to “It Just Works” compatibility for Visual Basic 6.0 applications on Windows VistaWindows Server 2008 including R2, Windows 7, and Windows 8.[9] In 2014 there are hundreds of thousands of developers who still prefer Visual Basic 6.0 over Visual Basic .NET.[3][10] Moreover, in recent years both mass media and developers lobbied aggressively for a new version of Visual Basic 6.0.[11][12][13]
A dialect of Visual Basic, Visual Basic for Applications (VBA), is used as a macro or scripting language within several Microsoft applications, including Microsoft Office.[14]

Language features[edit]

Like the BASIC programming language, Visual Basic was designed to accommodate a steep learning curve. Programmers can create both simple and complex GUIapplications. Programming in VB is a combination of visually arranging components or controls on a form, specifying attributes and actions for those components, and writing additional lines of code for more functionality. Since VB defines default attributes and actions for the components, a programmer can develop a simple program without writing much code. Programs built with earlier versions suffered performance problems, but faster computers and native code compilation has made this less of an issue.
Though VB programs can be compiled into native code executables from version 5 on, they still require the presence of around 1 MB of runtime libraries. Runtime libraries are included by default in Windows 2000 and later. Earlier versions of Windows (95/98/NT), require that the runtime libraries be distributed with the executable.

An empty form in Visual Basic 6.
Forms are created using drag-and-drop techniques. A tool is used to place controls (e.g., text boxes, buttons, etc.) on the form (window). Controls have attributes and event handlers associated with them. Default values are provided when the control is created, but may be changed by the programmer. Many attribute values can be modified during run time based on user actions or changes in the environment, providing a dynamic application. For example, code can be inserted into the form resize event handler to reposition a control so that it remains centered on the form, expands to fill up the form, etc. By inserting code into the event handler for a keypress in a text box, the program can automatically translate the case of the text being entered, or even prevent certain characters from being inserted.
Visual Basic can create executables (EXE files), ActiveX controls, or DLL files, but is primarily used to develop Windows applications and to interface database systems. Dialog boxes with less functionality can be used to provide pop-up capabilities. Controls provide the basic functionality of the application, while programmers can insert additional logic within the appropriate event handlers.
For example, a drop-down combination box automatically displays a list. When the user selects an element, an event handler is called that executes code that the programmer created to perform the action for that list item.
Alternatively, a Visual Basic component can have no user interface, and instead provide ActiveX objects to other programs via Component Object Model (COM). This allows for server-side processing or an add-in module.
The runtime recovers unused memory using reference counting, which depends on variables passing out of scope or being set to Nothing, avoiding the problem of memory leaks common to other languages. There is a large library of utility objects, and the language provides basic object oriented support. Unlike many other programming languages, Visual Basic is generally not case sensitive—though it transforms keywords into a standard case configuration and forces the case of variable names to conform to the case of the entry in the symbol table. String comparisons are case sensitive by default.
The Visual Basic compiler is shared with other Visual Studio languages (C, C++). Nevertheless, by default the restrictions in the IDE do not allow creation of some targets (Windows model DLLs) and threading models, but over the years, developers have bypassed these restrictions.


The code windows in Visual Basic, showing a Function using the If, Then, Else and Dim statements.
The following Visual Basic traits differ from C-derived languages:
  • Statements tend to terminate with keywords, such as "End If", instead of using "{}"s to group statements.
  • Multiple variable assignment is not possible. A = B = C does not imply that the values of A, B and C are equal. The boolean result of "Is B = C?" is stored in A. The result stored in A would therefore be either false or true.
  • Boolean constant True has numeric value −1.[15] This is because the Boolean data type is stored as a 16-bit signed integer. In this construct −1 evaluates to 16 binary 1s (the Boolean value True), and 0 as 16 0s (the Boolean value False). This is apparent when performing a Not operation on a 16 bit signed integer value 0, which returns the integer value −1, in other words True = Not False. This inherent functionality becomes especially useful when performing logical operations on the individual bits of an integer such as AndOrXor and Not.[16] This definition of True is also consistent with BASIC since the early 1970s Microsoft BASIC implementation and is also related to the characteristics of CPU instructions at the time.
  • Logical and bitwise operators are unified. This is unlike some C-derived languages (such as Perl), which have separate logical and bitwise operators. This again is a traditional feature of BASIC.
  • Variable array base. Arrays are declared by specifying the upper and lower bounds in a way similar to Pascal and Fortran. It is also possible to use the Option Base statement to set the default lower bound. Use of the Option Base statement can lead to confusion when reading Visual Basic code and is best avoided by always explicitly specifying the lower bound of the array. This lower bound is not limited to 0 or 1, because it can also be set by declaration. In this way, both the lower and upper bounds are programmable. In more subscript-limited languages, the lower bound of the array is not variable. This uncommon trait does exist in Visual Basic .NET but not in VBScript.
OPTION BASE was introduced by ANSI, with the standard for ANSI Minimal BASIC in the late 1970s.
  • Relatively strong integration with the Windows operating system and the Component Object Model. The native types for strings and arrays are the dedicated COM types, BSTR and SAFEARRAY.
  • Banker's rounding as the default behavior when converting real numbers to integers with the Round function.[17] ? Round(2.5, 0) gives 2, ? Round(3.5, 0) gives 4.
  • Integers are automatically promoted to reals in expressions that involve the normal division operator (/) so that division of one integer by another produces the intuitively correct result. VB provides a specific integer divide operator (\) that does truncate.
  • By default, if a variable has not been declared or if no type declaration character is specified, the variable is of type Variant. However this can be changed with Deftype statements such as DefIntDefBool,DefVarDefObjDefStr. There are 12 Deftype statements in total offered by Visual Basic 6.0. The default type may be overridden for a specific declaration by using a special suffix character on the variable name (# for Double, ! for Single, & for Long, % for Integer, $ for String, and @ for Currency) or using the key phrase As (type). VB can also be set in a mode that only explicitly declared variables can be used with the command Option Explicit.


Alan Cooper created the drag and drop design for the user interface of Visual Basic.
VB 1.0 was introduced in 1991. The drag and drop design for creating the user interface is derived from a prototype form generator developed by Alan Cooper and his company called Tripod. Microsoft contracted with Cooper and his associates to develop Tripod into a programmable form system for Windows 3.0, under the code name Ruby(no relation to the Ruby programming language).
Tripod did not include a programming language at all. Microsoft decided to combine Ruby with the Basic language to create Visual Basic.
The Ruby interface generator provided the "visual" part of Visual Basic and this was combined with the "EB" Embedded BASIC engine designed for Microsoft's abandoned "Omega" database system. Ruby also provided the ability to load dynamic link libraries containing additional controls (then called "gizmos"), which later became the VBXinterface.[18]

Timeline Description[edit]

  • Project 'basic Thunder' was initiated in 1990.[19]
  • Visual Basic 1.0 (May 1991) was released for Windows at the Comdex/Windows World trade show in Atlanta, Georgia.
  • Visual Basic 1.0 for DOS was released in September 1992. The language itself was not quite compatible with Visual Basic for Windows, as it was actually the next version of Microsoft's DOS-based BASIC compilers, QuickBASIC and BASIC Professional Development System. The interface used a Text user interface, using extended ASCII characters to simulate the appearance of a GUI.

Basic for MS-DOS

VB DOS icon
  • Visual Basic 2.0 was released in November 1992. The programming environment was easier to use, and its speed was improved. Notably, forms became instantiable objects, thus laying the foundational concepts of class modules as were later offered in VB4.
  • Visual Basic 3.0 was released in the summer of 1993 and came in Standard and Professional versions. VB3 included version 1.1 of theMicrosoft Jet Database Engine that could read and write Jet (or Access) 1.x databases.
  • Visual Basic 4.0 (August 1995) was the first version that could create 32-bit as well as 16-bit Windows programs. It has three editions; Standard, Professional, and Enterprise. It also introduced the ability to write non-GUI classes in Visual Basic. Incompatibilities between different releases of VB4 caused installation and operation problems. While previous versions of Visual Basic had used VBX controls, Visual Basic now used OLE controls (with files names ending in .OCX) instead. These were later to be named ActiveX controls.
  • With version 5.0 (February 1997), Microsoft released Visual Basic exclusively for 32-bit versions of Windows. Programmers who preferred to write 16-bit programs were able to import programs written in Visual Basic 4.0 to Visual Basic 5.0, and Visual Basic 5.0 programs can easily be converted with Visual Basic 4.0. Visual Basic 5.0 also introduced the ability to create custom user controls, as well as the ability to compile to native Windows executable code, speeding up calculation-intensive code execution. A free, downloadable Control Creation Edition was also released for creation of ActiveX controls. It was also used as an introductory form of Visual Basic: a regular .exe project could be created and run in the IDE, but not compiled.
  • Visual Basic 6.0 (Mid-1998) improved in a number of areas[20] including the ability to create web-based applications. Visual Basic 6.0 has entered Microsoft's "non-supported phase" as of March 2008. Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008 and Windows 7, no longer support the Visual Basic 6.0 development environment, but still support the runtime.[21] Microsoft announced in February 2012 that they support the runtime in Windows 8.[22]
  • Mainstream Support for Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 ended on March 31, 2005. Extended support ended in March 2008.[23] In response, the Visual Basic user community expressed its grave concern and lobbied users to sign a petition to keep the product alive.[24] Microsoft has so far refused to change their position on the matter.[25] Ironically, around this time (2005), it was exposed that Microsoft's new anti-spyware offering, Microsoft AntiSpyware (part of the GIANT Company Software purchase), was coded in Visual Basic 6.0.[26] Its replacement, Windows Defender, was rewritten in C++.[27]

Derivative languages[edit]

Microsoft has developed derivatives of Visual Basic for use in scripting. Visual Basic itself is derived heavily from BASIC, and subsequently has been replaced with a .NET platform version.
Some of the derived languages are:
  • Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) is included in many Microsoft applications (Microsoft Office), and also in many third-party products like SolidWorksAutoCADWordPerfect Office 2002ArcGISSage 300 ERP, and Business Objects Desktop Intelligence. There are small inconsistencies in the way VBA is implemented in different applications, but it is largely the same language as Visual Basic 6.0 and uses the same runtime library. Visual Basic development ended with 6.0, but in 2010 Microsoft introduced VBA 7 to provide extended features and add 64-bit support.[28]
  • VBScript is the default language for Active Server Pages. It can be used in Windows scripting and client-side web page scripting. It resembles VB in syntax, but is a separate language—executed by vbscript.dll instead of the VB runtime. ASP and VBScript should not be confused with ASP.NET, which uses the .NET Framework for compiled web pages.
  • Visual Basic .NET is Microsoft's designated successor to Visual Basic 6.0, and is part of Microsoft's .NET platform. Visual Basic.Net compiles and runs using the .NET Framework. It is not backwards compatible with Visual Basic 6.0. An automated conversion tool exists, but fully automated conversion for most projects is impossible.[29]
  • OpenOffice Basic is a Visual Basic compatible interpreter that originated in StarOffice office suite.
  • Gambas is a Visual Basic inspired free software programming language for the Linux operating system. It is not a clone of Visual Basic, but it does have the ability to convert Visual Basic programs to Gambas.
  • WinWrap Basic is a third-party VBA variant used with various software, and available for programmers to use to build a macro facility into their programmes.
  • LotusScript is a VBA variant available in Lotus SmartSuite and Lotus Notes.
  • Later versions of Corel WordPerfect Office implement access to VBA as one of the macro/scripting languages, the other major ones being CorelScript and PerfectScript
  • Earlier versions of Microsoft Word use a variant of Visual Basic called WordBasic

Performance and other issues[edit]

Earlier versions of Visual Basic (prior to version 5) compiled the code to P-Code only. The P-Code is interpreted by the language runtime. The benefits of P-Code include portability and smaller binary file sizes, but it usually slows down the execution, since having a runtime adds an additional layer of interpretation.
Visual Basic applications require Microsoft Visual Basic runtime MSVBVMxx.DLL, where xx is the relevant version number, either 50 or 60. MSVBVM60.dll comes as standard with Windows in all editions after Windows 98 while MSVBVM50.dll comes with all editions after Windows 95. A Windows 95 machine would however require inclusion with the installer of whichever dll was needed by the program.
Visual Basic 5 and 6 can compile code to either native or P-Code but in either case the runtime is still required for built in functions and forms management.
Criticisms levelled at Visual Basic editions prior to VB.NET include:[30]

Legacy development and support[edit]

All versions of the Visual Basic development environment from 1.0 to 6.0 are now retired and unsupported by Microsoft. The associated runtime environments are also unsupported, except for the Visual Basic 6 core runtime environment, which Microsoft officially supports for the lifetime of Windows 8.[33] Third party components that shipped with Visual Studio 6.0 are not included in this support statement. Some legacy Visual Basic components may still work on newer platforms, despite being unsupported by Microsoft and other vendors.
Development and maintenance development for Visual Basic 6 is possible on legacy Windows XP, Windows Vista and Windows 2003 using Visual Studio 6.0 platforms, but is unsupported. Documentation for Visual Basic 6.0, its application programming interface and tools is best covered in the last MSDN release before Visual Studio.NET 2002. Later releases of MSDN focused on .NET development and had significant parts of the Visual Basic 6.0 programming documentation removed. The Visual Basic IDE can be installed and used on Windows Vista, 7 and 8, where it exhibits some minor incompatibilities that do not hinder normal software development and maintenance. As of August 2008, both Visual Studio 6.0 and the MSDN documentation mentioned above are available for download by MSDN subscribers.

Example code[edit]

The following code snippet displays a message box saying "Hello, World!" as the window loads:
Private Sub Form_Load()
    ' Execute a simple message box that says "Hello, World!"
    MsgBox "Hello, World!"End Sub
This snippet makes a counter that moves up 1 every second (a label and a timer control need to be added to the form for this to work):
Option Explicit
Dim Count As Integer
Private Sub Form_Load()
    Count = 0
    Timer1.Interval = 1000 ' units of milliseconds
End Sub
Private Sub Timer1_Timer()
    Count = Count + 1
    Label1.Caption = Count
End Sub

See also[edit]

Related Microsoft technologies:
Related programming languages:
  • Comparison of programming languages
  • FreeBASIC – a programming language rooting from QBasic.
  • Gambas - Open source competitor to Visual Basic
  • IIf – a function in several editions of Visual Basic roughly equivalent to the ?: conditional operator of C and related languages.
  • PowerBasic – A language based on the BASIC- dialect
  • PureBasic – A language based on the BASIC- dialect
  • Xojo – Competitor to Visual Basic
  • DarkBASIC – harness DirectX from BASIC applications


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  2. Jump up^ Plant, Robert T.; Murrell, Stephen (2007). An executive's guide to information technologyCambridge University Press. p. 343. ISBN 978-0-521-85336-1. "Summary of positive issues: Visual Basic is easy to learn and widely available."
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  10. Jump up^ Richard, Grigonis. "Where Is the Successor to Visual Basic?"Thursday, 27 Mar 2014 03:20 PM. INFOQ. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
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  15. Jump up^ In most languages, True is mapped to a non zero numeric value, often 1 or -1.
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  26. Jump up^ Andrew Orlowski and Carey Bishop (2005-07-22). "MS Anti-Spyware built on MS Abandonware". The Register. Retrieved 2006-10-04.
  27. Jump up^ "Paul Thurrott's SuperSite for Windows: Windows Defender Beta 2 Review". Winsupersite.com. 2006-02-14. Retrieved 2009-06-16.
  28. Jump up^ "Compatibility Between the 32-bit and 64-bit Versions of Office 2010". Microsoft Corporation. Retrieved 16 July 2012.
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  30. Jump up^ Alex Homer, Dave Sussman, Rob Howard, Brian Francis, Karli Watson, Richard Anderson (2004).Professional ASP.NET 1.1. Wiley. p. 71. ISBN 0-7645-5890-0. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
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